11 Types of Texters

I’m grateful for my health in this Covid period, but if there’s one thing I’m really disliking about it, is the insane amount of time we have to spend on our phones and laptops. With limited face to face interactions, the time I spent on Whatsapp and Telegram has spiked dramatically, even though I’m no longer on any social media.

With the increased time on these two apps, I’ve come to more acutely realize that there are quite a few interesting types of Whatsapp/Telegram users, each type with pros and cons when it comes to working with them. Here’re a few that you might make you go “IKR.”

1. Replies you super fast

It’s like they’re on their phones 24/7.

Photo by Charlotte May on Pexels.com

Breakfast time, lunch time, dinner time, work time, early morning, late evening- whenever I text, the reply comes within five minutes. It’s actually quite nice to work with these types of texters (who are a little on the rare side) because they reply fast.

2. Grey-ticks you

We’re all busy people of course. We have our social lives, school, work, and personal time. But in this modern era when Whatsapp and Telegram are available on laptop and phone, when 4G’s fast and Wi-fi’s everywhere, it’s kinda hard not to see anyone’s message for more than a whole day. (or: a few days)

(With the exception of exceptional situations like e.g. phone dropped into the toilet bowl)

3. Memorized the dictionary of Internet short forms

This type makes me educate myself on the abbreviation aspect of pop culture and the Internet. As I’m texting, I have my com on one hand, searching for the many short forms that I’ve never seen before.

Photo by Markus Spiske on Pexels.com

4. Types in full sentences

Kind of the exact opposite of the above, and self-explanatory

5. Doesn’t reply you for a few decades and then replies you with a question on a new topic

You’re discussing about something important, and then suddenly, there’s no response and “Online” changes to “last seen…”. Then there’s no reply for maybe a few days, and then suddenly a message with a question about another topic altogether.

6. Loves emoticons and gifs

Image result for laughing crying face
Photo Credits This is my go-to emoticon. Really quite accurately symbolizes my emotion on many occasions
Gif: adorable girl trying to learn how to dab. Credits

7. Long responses


“Wasn’t that assignment a little hard?”

“YEAH! Question 6 was difficult because….Question 10 was easier but…”

8. Short responses


“Wasn’t that assignment a little hard?”

“yeahh ikr!”

9. Greetings

Some of the people I text with, even those I’m very close to, always start their texts with a “Hi”, “Hey”, “Yooo” or something in between, even if we’d just last texted a few hours ago on the same day. This is in contrast to no.10.

Photo by Yan Krukov on Pexels.com

10. No greetings

No “hi”, “hello”, “good morning” or anything like that, straight to the point, short and direct.

11. Doesn’t reply in the group chat but updates social media

This is usually no big deal, until that required reply in the group is something important, like an upcoming group assignment. I believe no further elaboration is needed on this one.

Photo by Anton on Pexels.com

How it’s like being a Gen Z with no social media

I first set my foot into the whole other world of social media at age 13. It all began with a YouTuber, Bethany Mota, that my friends and I were fangirling over.

Image result for mothers' day bethany mota
Photo Credits YouTuber Bethany Mota

We loved her aesthetically pleasing videos, fun and bright energy and her content about party ideas, make-up, healthy food and everything in between.

We also subscribed to other YouTubers like Tess Christine. I first watched her videos when she was 23 and now she’s 30, already married to her then-boyfriend and expecting a baby! (wow time passes…)

Her video in 2014
Her video in 2021

By the time I was 13, Instagram had been around for 3 years and it was hard to find my peers who weren’t already actively using Instagram. Fascinated by the idea of joining a platform through which celebrities like Bethany Mota shared their personal lives, photos and video clips, I first created an Instagram account at age 14- and after nearly six years of using it, stopped using it a few weeks ago.

Image result for zoella
Photo Credits. Of course, can’t miss out on Zoella!

It’s honestly been a fun six years with Instagram. My feed, and then my Insta story (there used to be an era long ago pre-Insta story) contained snippets of my graduation days, fun outings with friends and family, warm home-cooked food by my parents and new countries I visited over holidays.

It was especially great getting in touch with friends from elementary school and middle school I’ve lost contact with through Instagram’s helpful “suggestions” function.

Photo by Tracy Le Blanc on Pexels.com

As cliche as this may sound, like how many others who went on “Insta detox” or deleted Insta like I did, I began to feel like Instagram was occupying too much of a space in my life. It had become almost an obligation, a “have-to” feeling to post the moments of going out with friends and eating out with family- all of these happy, golden moments- on social media.

It had started with just having fun posting photos and exchanging comments with friends on Insta, and grown into a habit that was hard to shake off. Even though I wasn’t one to frequently post on Insta, I realized that I was already under some sort of a compulsion to post, on any small or big occasion.

Photo by jasmin chew on Pexels.com

I was spending time uploading photos- for whom? Simply for my Insta followers who were no longer even part of my life, whom I haven’t seen for long, or were simply anonymous acquaintances?

The first one or two days without Instagram felt odd, and somewhat empty. It was like a big part of what had been my routine for six years was suddenly gone. I was concerned that I was no longer a member of this unseen but large community of Insta users that all of my friends were part of.

Photo by Helena Lopes on Pexels.com

But a few weeks without Instagram and as expected, I’m doing fine. Instead of scrolling through my Instagram feed I scroll through the news more frequently. I’m out of the Insta community but my relationships with all my family and friends who actually matter to me, are, as expected, doing all good.

I’m not on any social media, just using Telegram and Whatsapp for uni, family and friends. It honestly still feels weird being a soon-to-be 21 year old without Instagram, but I’m liking this Insta-less state.

40 Best Songs for Summer

Here’s my favorite mix of Korean, English and Japanese songs that make me feel like I’m lying stretched out on a bench chair with a glass of iced orange punch in one hand, watching summer waves under a sunny sky!

1. Ship and the Globe

2. Sunboat

3. Yellow Submarine

4. Sukina Hitoga Irukoto

5. Dolphin

6. Dancing Queen

7. Party in the USA

8. Call me maybe

9. Omi

10. Autumn Morning

11. Obsession

12. Dancing Queen

13. Secret Garden

14. Red flavor

15. Russian Roulette

16. Cheer up

17. Made in America

18. Island

19. Hola hola

20. Wannabe

21. Best song ever

22. We are never ever getting back together

23. Dalla

24. Forever young

25. Bboom Bboom

26. Love scenario

27. Love shot

28. Breathless

29. This is how we do

30. All about that bass

31. Hot N Cold

32. 22

33. Girlfriend

34. Here’s to never growing up

35. Somebody to you

36. Live while we’re young

37. Good time

38. Shut up and dance

39. Can’t stop the feeling!

40. Adventure of a lifetime

Three Meals a Day of a Korean

Living in Singapore means being able to enjoy affordable and delicious food from many different countries. But some days, I just crave food from my home country.

Here’s a little TMI post of the three Korean meals I had a couple of days back!


Homecooked meal by mum

Clockwise: kimchi, ham& uh-muk (fishcake), myeol-chi (salted anchovies), gamja bokkgum (stir fried potatoes), dubu-jorim (grilled tofu).


A bite of delicious raspberry cake from “Dolcetto by Basilico” (Regent Singapore)!


At Korean restaurant “Dookki” (Suntec City, Singapore)

Ramen noodles, sausages, chewy rice cakes filled with cheese!


Delicious and high in calories

Top: Uh-muk (fish cake)

Left: tang-suk-yook (sweet and sour pork)

Right: Sundae (blood sausage)

10 Things I Do on Self-Care Days

My days are usually sequences of events following to-do lists.

Photo by Ivan Samkov on Pexels.com

Attend a uni lecture, participate in a uni tutorial, print lecture notes, file lecture notes, read notes before lecture, read notes after lecture, write lecture essays, zoom with project group mates. Most of my school days follow a routine largely founded on this structure, like many other students’ would too.

Photo by Emily Ranquist on Pexels.com. Graduation Day- which everybody looks forward to but everybody dreads at the same time.

I enjoy writing to-do lists on my Moleskine journal and living each day according to the to-do list. (at least most of the time) For a glimpse of the ordinary day of a university student in Singapore, check out my blog post!

Moleskine Classic Hardcover Notebook - Black – Jenni Bick Bookbinding
Photo Credits. The black Moleskine journal that has accompanied me for the past 7 years of my life

But inevitably, when I feel the shadows of a burnout lurking over my life, I like to have a healing, self-care day for myself. Instead of a “things I need to do” list, I write a “things I want to do” list. Especially in this period of Covid- which is lasting a lot longer than anybody would’ve imagined- I like to do a couple of things on my self-care days.

Here’s a few I’d like to share with you!

1. Write a blog post

Studying involves a lot of input.

Facts, statistics, definitions, expert opinions, exam structures and everything in between- need to be crammed into my brain. Studying isn’t all that bad (not that I’m sad it’s ending in 3 years’ time…), but just sometimes, it’s nice to focus on what I like, what I think and what I want to write about.

Photo by Jessica Lewis on Pexels.com

That’s why on my self-care days, I like to write a little blog post on “HanStyle” 🙂

2. Buy flowers

It’s funny how people change. When I was younger, I used to keep my distance flowers because they attracted bees and insects. Now, I like to get flower deliveries once in a while.

It’s an absolute joy to browse through flower catalogues, to snap away the excess leaves and arrange them in a vase.

A flower I got from a flower market!

3. Have family time

Spending time with friends, professors and cohort mates is on its own fun and fruitful, but nothing can beat family time. Our family of five talk, enjoy home-cooked meals, play Monopoly, and talk some more.

Janchi Guksu, a warm bowl of Korean noodles, made by mum
Monopoly Ultimate Banking' Demo - Hasbro Gaming - YouTube
Photo Credits. The era of cashless payment even in the game world
Making Kimchi-jun (kimchi pancake) with family at our balcony

4. Watch a movie/series

Over my recent long break, I watched two series <That Winter, the wind blows> and <It’s okay, that’s love>. That’s right, the common factor is actor Jo In Sung 🙂 Both pieces were written by one of Korea’s best scripwriters, Noh Hee Kyung, who also wrote hits like <Dear my friends> and <Worlds Within>.

Screenshot from Netflix site
조인성♥송혜교 '클래스가 다른 솜사탕키스' @그 겨울 바람이 분다 4회 20130220 - YouTube
Photo Credits. A scene from <That Winter, the wind blows>
Screenshot from Netflix site
괜찮아사랑이야' 조인성-공효진, 특급 케미? 눈부신 '비하인드컷'-pickcon
Photo Credits. A scene from <It’s okay, that’s love>

5. Get something sweet

A visit to Gastronomia, Paris Baguette, Asayona or Chateraise instantly makes me feel better. Just looking at the rows of delectable pastries and sweet goods is a healing for the heart 🙂

Photo by Dmitry Zvolskiy on Pexels.com

6. Read outdoors

Kindle, sunglasses, wallet, earphones and my phone are all I need. On my free day, I step outside and catch on reading my non-school texts, whether on the benches, in a cafe or nowadays in times of Covid, in my balcony.

7. Walk aimlessly in nature

Taking a walk with no particular destination in mind while taking in the surrounding nature really helps me wind down. I spend most of my days with a fixed destination, with fixed to-do lists.

Not thinking and just walking is perfect healing time.

Beautiful sky
Somewhere in MacRitchie

8. Home yoga

On a day I’m not treading through piles of lecture notes and tutorial assignments, I like to roll out a mat from underneath my bed, sit straight with a MacBook in front of me, and (try to) follow the yoga moves of “YogaBoy”.

YouTube Channel “YogaBoy“. Subs available

9. Run

MacRitchie Reservoir Park and Botanic Gardens are perfect places for running.

For a view of beautiful flowers and quick access to great breakfast places, Botanic Gardens would be the better choice. For a challenging run up and down hills, MacRitchie would be my pick.

The MacRitchie Reservoir where people often fish/canoe/kayak
A map of MacRitchie Reservoir Park

10. Visit a bookstore/library

Something that I can’t do so much nowadays in times of Covid.

Photo by Mark Cruzat on Pexels.com

The quiet, the smell of books and a scent distinctive of Kinokuniyas and NLBs in Singapore, the high shelves and people reading. The bookstore completely does away with the sense of dizziness and chaos that social media and endless Whatsapp messages bring, at least for the 1-2 hours I spend between the shelves.

~ * ~

That’s it for the ten things I like to do on my rest days! Hope you have restful and happy self-care days too! 🙂

Cheers, Han Seol

Youth of May (2021 drama): Historical context

2021 KBS drama “Youth of May” is set to star two rising stars- actors Go Min Si and Lee Do Hyun. It tells the love story of Kim Myung-hee (Go Min Si) and Hwang Hee-tae (Lee Do Hyun) in the context of the 1980 Gwangju Uprising.

고민시 프로필/일상사진
Photo Credits. Actress Go Min Si. She’s most well known for her roles in movie “The Witch” and drama “Love Alarm” most recently, netflix hit series “Sweet Home”
이도현 프로필
Photo Credits. Actor Lee Do Hyun. He’s most well known for his roles in “18 Again” and “Hotel DeLuna”, as well as netflix hit “Sweet Home”

This is not the first time a film/drama is dealing with the Gwangju Uprising.

Actor Song Kang Ho, for instance, most well-known to the international audience for his role in “Parasite”, acted in 2017 movie “A Taxi Driver”

A Taxi Driver” Becomes Fastest Korean Movie Of 2017 To Attract 7 Million  Viewers | Soompi
Photo Credits. Movie “A taxi driver”

and 2013 movie “The Attorney”, whose plots unfold in the backdrop of the uprising.

Movie review : The Attorney (2013) |
Photo Credits. 2013 movie “The Attorney”

An amazing YouTube compilation of scenes between Go Min Si and Lee Do Hyun by 석한드

I’m really looking forward to this drama series because I loved the two actors in Netflix hit “Sweet Home”, in which they starred as siblings. Their chemistry was amazing, so much so that those who’ve watched “Sweet Home” begged for the two to be cast in another series together- KBS must’ve been listening!

픽터뷰] 이도현 "'스위트홈' 고민시의 수호천사가 되지 않았을까"
Photo Credits

In “Sweet Home”, Lee Do Hyun also played medical student Eun Hyuk, who gave up his dreams of becoming a doctor and did part-time jobs so that he could support the dream of his adopted younger sister Eun Yoo. Go Min Si played Eun Yoo, who had to give up her dream of becoming a ballerina because of her ankle injury.

In “Youth of May”, Lee Do Hyun also plays a medical student who entered med school top in class, while Go Min Si plays a competent and capable nurse.

While waiting for “Youth of May” to finally start, let’s take a look at the context of the 1980 Gwangju Uprising, which will undoubtedly constitute a large part of the plot!

~ * ~

On 26th of October of 1979, a dinner at the Korean Central Intelligence Agency (KCIA) safehouse inside the Blue House took place. Its attendees included the third president of South Korea, Park Jung Hee, as well as others like a university student, a rising singer, the director and the chief secretary of the country.

기획] 《월간조선》·박정희대통령기념재단 공동 박정희 대통령 탄생 100주년 기념사업을 시작하며 : 월간조선
Photo Credits. President Park Jung Hee

Various political issues were discussed during the banquet. At one point, president Park criticized Director Kim Jae Gyu, the director of the KCIA and the president’s security chef, for not being repressive enough in dealing with protestors. These rebukes eventually ended when Director Kim left the banquet room and re-entered with a pistol, which he used to kill president Park.

The death of the president gave way to much political and social chaos, as well as democraticization efforts which have been unable to take place under president Park’s authoritarian rule. Student unions were formed, were the students protested for an end to martial law, the temporary imposition of normal civil functions in response to an emergency.

In response, Chun Doo Hwan, the chief of the Defense Security Command, forced the Cabinet to apply martial law to the whole country.

광주 5.18 정신'은 현재의 억압에 저항하는 것 – 사회주의자

Students protested against the closing of universities, and clashed with soldiers. According to witnesses, soldiers clubbed demonstrators and even onlookers. Bayonets were used as well, while students used stones. Citizens’ indignation was fuelled when they heard news of the death of a 29 year old man called Kim Gyeong-cheol, who was deaf and not even a participant of the demonstration, but a passer-by. He had been clubbed to death.

The army fired on the protestors, killing many. However, MBC station misreported the situation at Gwangju, reporting only one civilian casualty. Enraged, protestors burned down the local MBC station.

5.18광주민주화운동 40년, 그리고 천만영화 '택시운전사'
Photo Credits. A photograph of the burned down MBC building in Gwangju

Hundreds of taxis also joined the protest in their show of support for democracy. The troops used tear gas to attack the taxi drivers, and even pulled them out of their taxis to beat them. After hearing the news that their colleagues who had been trying to help the injured and taking them to the hospital were beaten, even more taxi drivers came into the scene. Some were even killed by shooting after some drivers tried to use their taxis to attack and block soldiers.

그때그사건] 5.18 민주화운동 알린 '택시운전사' 김사복씨…"세 차례나 광주 잠입" - TBS
Photo Credits. A photograph of Kim Sa Bok, an actual taxi driver whom Song Kang Ho acted as in movie “A Taxi Driver”, and Jürgen Hinzpeter, a German journalist. Hinzpeter was the only journalist to film the brutal killings of the Gwangju uprising. His videos were broadcast in Germany, then worldwide. Kim Sa Bok, with the conviction that the brutalities of the Gwangju Uprising had to be told worldwide, drove Hinzpeter to Gwangju despite the threat of being beaten or even killed if caught by soldiers.

By that time, militias had acquired light machine guns and used them against the army as well.

From May 18 to May 27, it is estimated that around 2000 were killed. One of the many contributing factors to the Gwangju Uprising, also known as “Oh-Il-Pal” (literally 5-18 in Korean), was that local Chonnam University students who were demonstrating against the government were shot, killed, raped and beaten by government troops.

Memory of the World
Photo Credits. “Memory of the World” by UNESCO

In 2011, records of the brutal 5.18 incident was designated as “Memory of the World” by UNESCO. Just in May 2020, the May 18 Democratization Movement Truth Commission was launched to investigate the use of military force in the uprising.

Red Cuff of the Sleeve (2021 drama): Historical Context

Actor Kim Kyung Nam and actress/singer Park Hye Soo are in talks of starring in drama “Red Cuff of the Sleeve” some time in 2021.

Photo Credits. Actress and singer Park Hye Soo. She’s most well known for dramas like “Introverted Boss” and “Hello, my twenties!”.
더킹-영원의 군주' 김고은-김경남 최강 '형사 케미'기대 만발!
Photo Credits. Actor Kim Kyung Nam. He’s most well known for his works in dramas like “The King: Eternal Monarch” and “Where Stars Land”.

The historical drama is based on a novel of the same name written by author Kang Mi Kang, with the script written by Jung Hae Ri who wrote drama “The Emperor: Owner of the Mask”.

군주> 6인 6색 '사연있는 눈빛' 담은 포스터 공개!
Photo Credits. (2017) Drama “Emperor: Owner of the Mask” starring Kim So Hyun and Yoo Seung Ho.

Jung Ji In, whose works include “Radiant Office”, “Hold me Tight” and “Shining Romance”, will directing the upcoming drama.

Radiant Office Poster 3 | Kdramapal
Photo Credits. (2017) Drama “Radiant Office” starring actors like Ha Suk Jin and Go Ah Sung.
Hold On Tight as 'Hold Me Tight' Heats Up Your TV Screens - Kdramabuzz
Photo Credits. (2018) Drama “Hold me Tight” starring actors like Yoon Sang Hyun and Han Hye Jin.
Shining Romance - AsianWiki
Photo Credits. (2014) Drama “Shining Romance” starring actors like Lee Jin, Park Yoon Jae and Jo An.

“Red Cuff of the Sleeve”, set in the 18th century, tells the love story of King Jeong Jo and his royal concubine Sung Deok-Im. This isn’t the first time the heartbreaking and heartwarming love of the two has been told in a drama.

In 2007, Han Ji Min, acting as royal concubine Sung Deok-Im, and Lee Seo Jin, acting as King Jeong Jo, starred in drama “Lee San, Wind of the Palace”, whose highest recorded viewership rating was a jaw-dropping 38.6%.

최고시청률 38.6% 레전드 사극] 이산 Lee San 훈육을 받고 혜경궁 홍씨에게 문후를 올리러 간 송연 - YouTube
Photo Credits. Actress Han Ji Min
최고시청률 38.6% 레전드 사극] 이산 Lee San 자신을 감싼 이산을 위해 그림을 그리게 된 송연 - YouTube
Photo Credits. Actor Lee Seo Jin

The two most recently united in 2017 in variety show “Three Meals a Day”, in which Han Ji Min appeared as a special guest and friend of Lee Seo Jin.

“Lee San” was a huge hit and depicted the love between the king and Deok Im excellently, with great attention paid to historical details. I’m looking forward to how “Red Cuff of the Sleeve” will feature the much beloved duo of Korean history! 🙂

So while waiting for the drama to start, let’s take a look at its rich historical context!

~ * ~

Life of Sung Deok Im

In 1762, 10 year old Sung Deok Im entered the royal palace as a court lady, also known as “gung-nyeo”. She was brought into the palace to serve Queen Hyegyeong, the mother of Jeong Jo, as lady-in-waiting. However, with much affection, Queen Hyegyeong personally raised and and treated Deok Im more as a daughter rather than a lady-in-waiting. In 1766, when Deok Im was fourteen years old and the then crown prince Jeong Jo was fifteen, Jeong Jo proposed to Deok Im.

☆4/30일 개봉하는 영화 역린☆
Photo Credits. Actress Kim Sung Ryung as Queen Hyegyeong in movie (2014) “The Fatal Encounter”
역린' 한지민이 현빈 할머니? 정조 가계도 비롯 비하인드 스토리 공개 - 아시아투데이
Photo Credits. Hyun Bin as King Jeong Jo and Han Ji Min as his grandmother(!!), Dowager Queen Jeong Sun. Fun fact: in 2007 drama “Lee San, Wind of the Palace”, Han Ji Min starred as King Jeong Jo’s concubine and lover Deok Im. But in 2014 movie “Fatal Encounter”, she starred as Dowager Queen Jeong Sun, the widow of the late King Yeongjo, who was King Jeong Jo’s grandfather. This movie was Han Ji Min’s first role as an antagonist.

However, despite being of a low position of a court lady and the huge opportunity for power and wealth that came with bearing the future king’s child, Deok Im refused, stating that because Hyoui, the first wife of Jeong Jo had not yet given birth to Jeong Jo’s child, it was not right for Deok Im herself to bear his child first.

According to historical records, Deok Im refused the order strongly, weeping, swearing that she could not accept his proposal on her own life. Jeong Jo, despite having the power to simply ignore her pleas and bring her in as concubine, yielded to her request.

Deok Im’s decision to disobey the to-be king’s proposal is one that’s hard to find in the history of Joseon, and one that might have resulted in her death. But the reason Deok Im disobeyed despite the possibility of her own death, was her sincere devotion and loyalty to Hyoui. Married for political reasons, Queen Hyoui and King Jeong Jo were not on good terms, and Deok Im believed that if Queen Hyoui gave birth to a child, the two’s relationship would improve.

This decision of Deok Im was a shocking one, especially because enmity between a king’s women was very much the norm, with concubines and even the queen fighting to give birth to the son of the king before anyone else. Being the mother of a future king gave a woman possibly the greatest power a woman could have in Joseon at the time.

이산 정조
Photo Credits. Actress Park Eun Hye as Queen Hyoui in “Lee San”

In 1780, 4 years into the reign of Jeong Jo as king, Jeong Jo repeated his proposal to Deok Im, only for her to repeatedly refuse. Having waited for 14 years and now frustrated, Jeong Jo scolded and punished a servant of Deok Im. Only then did 18 year old Deok Im accept his request and become his concubine.

이산]승은을 입은 송연이가 바로 빈(嬪)이 되지 못했던 이유는?
Photo Credits

Deok Im had two miscarriages, first in 1780 and another in 1781. In 1782, she finally gave birth to a baby boy, Crown Prince Mun Hyo. Jeong Jo was very happy when he heard the news of his son, expressing that it was a relief to “finally be called father” and that there was “no other happier news” than the news of his son’s birth among many other happy events.

Photo Credits. Crown Prince Mun Hyo with his father King Jeong Jo in drama “Lee San”.

In 1784, Deok Im gave birth to a baby daughter. Jeong Jo was elated to have not just a son but now even a daughter as well. But at about 2 months years old, the baby princess suddenly passed away, to the devastation of Deok Im, Jeong Jo and Queen Hyegyeong.

In 1786, at age 4, even Crown Prince Mun Hyo died from measles.

Having suffered from the miscarriage of three of her children, soft-hearted Deok Im fell seriously ill from an unknown condition. King Jeong Jo took great care of her, making sure that the medicine she took was of the highest quality, paying attention even to the details of how the medicine was made and served to Deok Im. He made sure that the medicine was always in her bedroom so that she could consume it whenever necessary.

But despite his efforts, in September of 1786, 9 months pregnant Deok Im passed away.

While the illness she suffered from was unknown at the time, from the symptoms she suffered from, scholars speculate that she might have passed due to pre-eclampsia, one of whose contributing factors might be advanced maternal age. Deok Im was 34, considered to be quite old as a mother in the 18th century.

Deok Im was the only woman among Jeong Jo’s wives that he had personally selected. Jeong Jo was heartbroken over her death. In wanting her to be close to her son at least in death, Jeong Jo had Deok Im buried near Crown Prince Moon Hyo.

Jeong Jo frequently visited the grave of Deok Im, so much so that the hill he passed by whenever he visited her came to be called “Geo Dung Go Gae” (“Go Gae” meaning “hill” and “Geo Dung” referring to “the trip of a king to outside the palace”).

Queen Hyoui, too, expressed great sadness when she heard news of Deok Im’s passing, suggesting that the close relationship between Hyoui and Deok Im was a sincere one.

Royal concubine Deok Im was known to be not only beautiful but also an excellent writer who was also proficient at calligraphy writing, math, sewing and cooking. She was also very polite and well-mannered, especially toward Queen Hyoui.

Life of King Jeong Jo

In 1752, Jeong Jo was born as “Lee San” to Crown Prince Sado and Lady Hygyeong. In 1762, when Lee San was 10 years old, he witnessed his own father Crown Prince Sado imprisoned in a rice chest and starved to death at the orders of Sado’s own father, King Yeong Jo.

사도세자는 영화 '사도'의 유아인처럼 날씬했을까? | TONG
Photo Credits. Actor Yoo A-In portrayed Crown Prince Sado excellently in movie “Sado”
사도', 송강호와 유아인의 비극적 가족사 담긴 캐릭터 포스터 공개
(2015) Movie “Sado”. Song Kang Ho, most well known to the international audience for the movie “Parasite”, portrays Yeong Jo.

This cruel order was made despite Lee San pleading and begging for King Yeong Jo to forgive his father. Shocked by the death of own father ordered by his own grandfather, Lee San went to live with his mother Lady Hyegyeong at Hygyeong’s family home, but was soon parted from her as well. He then went on live with Lady Lee, the mother of the late Crown Prince Sado.

영화] 사도 후기 (The Throne, 2014) 소통의 부재로 일어난 비극적 결말 (스포 有)
Photo Credits. The young Lee San pleading with his grandfather King Yeong Jo, to save Crown Prince Sado in the movie “Sado”

This parting was a decision by Lady Hyegyeong, who feared that if King Yeong Jo saw that his grandson was closer to Lady Hyegyeong than to himself, he would become jealous. This concern of Lady Hyegyeong does not seem to be an unfounded one, given Yeong Jo was suspected to be suffering from serious paranoia.

사도' 문근영, 비극 담은 표정 연기..무슨 일이야? - 조선일보
Photo Credits. Actress Moon Gun Yeong as Lady Hyegyeong in movie “Sado”

In his young years, Lee San was a much beloved favorite of his grandfather King Yeong Jo. While Yeong Jo had reprimanded and criticized his own son Crown Prince Sado to the point of driving the latter to madness, Yeong Jo never once scolded Lee San and only praised him.

It is believed that Lee San harbored a great sense of debt and perhaps guilt toward his father Crown Prince Sado. Some speculate part of the reason Yeong Jo had his own son killed could be because there was still his beloved grandson Lee San to ascend the throne. The filial piety and dedication Lee San showed toward his grandfather was so great to the point that it’s viewed as stemming from a trauma of losing his father.

Lee San was very studious and diligent, with impeccable scholarly knowledge. This was not only because Lee San liked studying, but also because it was his tactic to stay alive (not killed by Yeong Jo) and rise to the throne.

사도' 소지섭은 왜 노개런티 출연을 고집했을까 | SBS 뉴스
Photo Credits. So Ji Sub as King Jeong Jo

At age 24, Lee San rose to the throne to become King Jeong Jo. The quiet and studious King Jeong Jo uttered a single sentence in the royal palace then, that made many palace officials tremble in fear.

“I am the son of the late Crown Prince Sado.”

A sizable number of the palace officials were not only those who were complicit in Crown Prince Sado’s cruel execution, but had also actively protested against Jeong Jo being heir to the throne for the reason that Jeong Jo was the “son of a psycho”.

For the four years from 1776 to 1880 he was in reign, Jeong Jo tried to clear his father’s name, and even moved the royal court’s location to Suwon, so that he could be closer to his father’s grave. He built Suwon Hwaseong, a fortress, to guard the tomb. This fortress was named a World Heritage site by UNESCO in 1997.

VisitKorea - Destinations by Region Hwaseong Fortress [UNESCO World  Heritage] (수원 화성 [유네스코 세계문화유산]) | Official Korea Tourism Organization
Photo Credits. Suwon Hwaseong, located now in Suwon, Seoul.

He also ordered for his mother, Lady Hyegyeong, to be given the title Dowager Queen.

In the year 1776, Jeong Jo executed members of the ruling party Noron who had started a military coup d’état and planned to kill Jeong Jo with assassins. Fortunately, Jeong Jo managed to fight off the assassins himself and successfully identified those who were behind the coup. This successful battle was also a win for the late Crown Prince Sado, who had technically been killed because of the Noron party.

현빈의 '역린' 비하인드 스토리 전격 공개! - e조은뉴스
Photo Credits. In “Fatal Encounter”, Hyun Bin portrays a Jeong Jo who secretly trains himself in combat skills.
현빈의 절제된 연기 vs 류승룡 뚝심 연기 ① : 뉴스 : 동아닷컴
Photo Credits

King Jeong Jo is evaluated as a competent and good 22nd king of Joseon. Among his many accomplishments is his building of Changyongyeong, the king’s royal bodyguards, who were selected through competitive examination. He also ordered the construction of Kyujanggak, a library in the royal palace which helped to improve the cultural and political position of the country and recruit competent officers to serve the nation. All these decisions spurred the development of Joseon’s popular culture as well.

규장각 - 위키백과, 우리 모두의 백과사전
Photo Credits. Kyujanggak. It’s located in Jongno-gu, Seoul.

He also made reforms and changes to existing policies. For instance, he opened government positions to those who were previously not allowed to apply for the positions simply because of their low status.

All these changes and decisions were possible because Jeong Jo himself was highly educated, well-informed and intelligent. Historical records show Jeong Jo often berating court officials, “What is it that you know?”- which was indisputable because Jeong Jo did know much more than the officials.

This was to the point that Jeong Jo one day declared to the court officials who were supposed to teach him, “I have now nothing to learn from you. I will now set out teaching myself.” He even nagged and reprimanded the officials, “Please, study.” (lol)

역린 리뷰 : 역린, 내가 세상을 바꿀 것이다! | YES24 블로그 - 내 삶의 쉼표
Photo Credits

While Jeong Jo’s decision to scrap some existing systems would have sparked disagreement from the officials, they didn’t dare oppose him.

Jeong Jo was known to be a voracious reader. When those who worked at the royal palace could not find an appropriate quotation to use, he would say something like, “In this book called ____ on page ___ in line ___, there is a quotation which reads ____, which is not the most appropriate line to use in this context. There’s a more appropriate line which I will read out to you, use that.” (clap clap)

When the workers checked what he read out loud against the actual line in the book, they realized that Jeong Jo had not even missed out a single word. Jeong Jo was the only king of Joseon who had completely and perfectly memorized Confucius books of the royal palace. This was because he read and read aloud all lines of the books until he had memorized them.

He was well read not only in politics and humanities but also in books of medicine. Modern scholars presume that his extensive knowledge in medicine (to the point that he even prescribed himself medicine) was because he was constantly under the threat of being poisoned. (Being poisoned to death was quite common in the palace)

송중기 재등장 예고 '관심폭발' … "다시 봐 반갑다" - 헬스코리아뉴스
Photo Credits. Actor Song Joong Ki as King Se Jong in drama “Deep Rooted Tree”. King Sejong is also a king known to be a voracious reader. He eventually created the Korean language.

Jeong Jo was not only a bookworm but had excellent combat skills. This was because from when he was young, Jeong Jo had always strived to be a king who not only was equipped with knowledge of court affairs but also with military prowess. He was especially known for his unparalleled archery skills.

While the Jeong Jo portrayed by Hyun Bin in movie “Fatal Encounter” is calm and placid, the actual Jeong Jo had a fiery, fierce temper. Coupled with his temper, intelligence and dedication to serving the needs of the common people, when some officials said something stupid, Jeong Jo didn’t hesitate to curse them out angrily. Once, he even bitingly told off a scholar, “Would someone like you be able to carry out such an important task?” (ouchhh)

The evaluation is that Jeong Jo was, among all kings of Joseon, the most outstanding in oratorical skills. Apparently King Suk Jeong, Kyeong Jong and Yeong Jo, all Jeong Jo’s ancestors, were excellent speakers too who often left court officials speechless at the end of debates in the royal palace. (power of genetics)

Photo Credits. Yoo A-In also portrayed King Suk-Jeong in drama “Jang Ok Jung, Living by Love”.

However, while he often cursed out officials for stupid opinions or lack of knowledge, Jeong Jo was quite forgiving. One official even wrote Jeong Jo a letter which read, “Your working style is bad, the reason being that you are impatient. Your impatience and temper can be partly causes for your ill health nowadays.” This was an insulting and rude letter which provoked officials in the palace to demand severe punishment of the fearless official. At the end, however, Jeong Jo even granted that official with an even higher position and forgave him.

After implementing many successful reforms and policies, Jeong Jo passed away at the age of 47 quite all of a sudden. This was while he was arranging for the marriage of his son Sunjo and before seeing many of his life works come into fruition. Some speculated he had died of poisoning, especially considering he had many arguments with court officials.

However, others reason that considering Jeong Jo was a heavy drinker, smoker, extremely impatient and hot-tempered and over-worked himself to the point of accomplishing so many things which would’ve been challenging and difficult for a single person to achieve, his sudden death was not so surprising.

ESC] 안경 썼던 조선 임금 4명은 누구? : ESC : 특화섹션 : 뉴스 : 한겨레모바일
Photo Credits. Jeong Jo wore glasses because of poor eye-sight- which was not surprising considering he spent all day studying and reading documents.

On top of that, living until 50 was considered living long in the 18th century Joseon era, with barely 5% of the general population living until 60. Jeong Jo was also suffering from boils, which was a fatal condition back in the day.

Kings in the Joseon era rose to the throne at the average age of 23, reigned for an average of 19 years and 2 months and lived for an average of 47 years. With this in mind, Jeong Jo’s death at 47 was not that an anomaly.

Jeong Jo was buried with his wife, Queen Hyoui, at the royal tomb of Geon-leung, in the city of Hwaseong.

Yenly Yours Dessert (Suntec City) Review


I recently visited a dessert shop called “Yenly Yours” located at Suntec City (3 Temasek Blvd, #01-K6 East Wing Suntec City Mall, Singapore 038983), which opens from 11am to 10pm every day. This Thai dessert cafe already had 15 branches in Bangkok before opening in early 2020 at Suntec City. There are plans for expansion to more outlets overseas as well.

The interior is simple and in open space with white round tables, square wooden tables and white chairs, situated right across Hoshino Coffee.

This is the shop menu:

A screenshot of one section of the PDF menu: https://www.yenlyyours.com.sg/pages/our-menu-in-pdf

My family ordered a “Your mango treasure”and “Strawberry and Strawberry jelly”.

The mango slices and ice cream were sweet and tasty. I also liked the warm sticky rice drizzled with coconut milk covered by the mango and the ice cream. Warm rice and cool ice cream was such a surprisingly great combination!

The ice cream content of “Strawberry and Strawberry jelly” was also delicious, but the taste seems to be one that would be received differently depending on one’s ice cream flavor preferences. In other words, it won’t exactly be liked by those who don’t like strawberry-flavored things because of how they taste like strawberry syrup/medicine. The mango ice cream, though, I think, would be liked generally by most.

Mukja Korean Chinese Restaurant Review


A few days ago, I visited a new Korean Chinese restaurant called “Mukja” which opened quite recently. It’s located along 275 Thomson Rd at Commontown Novena Regency and opens from 11:30am–2:30pm then 5–9:30pm on Mondays to Sundays (Public Holidays might affect opening hours).

The interior is simple and clean, with white walls (with a poster of Gong Yoo’s soju advertisement), a few cute small dolls wearing traditional Korean clothing and wooden tables and chairs.

I ordered a “jjamjamyeon”, a big bowl containing half of black bean sauce noodles (jjajangmyeon) and half of spicy seafood noodles (jjamppong) to share with my sister.

Of course, couldn’t miss out on tangsuyook (sweet and sour pork) too.

My take is that both types of noodles and the tangsukyook were all good.

The noodles and sauce were delicious, and the soup of the jjamppong was good, too. The tangsukyook was crispy on the surface and soft in the inside, not soggy at all despite being served with the sauce already poured on top. I liked the fact that the sauce of the tangsuyook wasn’t too sour- it often is the case in some restaurants- and that the pieces came in slender, easy for one-bite sizes.

The transport to and from this restaurant’s convenient too. There’s a bus stop right in front of the restaurant, and the Novena MRT is only 2-3 minutes walk away (right opposite).

I’d definitely re-visit this place!

My Top 15 Semi-Casual Restaurants in Singapore

You want to eat somewhere a little fancy- but not too fancy or pricey. Here are my tried-and-tested top 15 favorite semi-casual restaurants that I recommend for an outing with your friends!

1. Dancing Fish

Located at level 4 of Tang Plaza along 310 Orchard Road, this place is definitely one for lovers of Malay-Indo cuisine- or any good food! It opens from 11.30-2.30, then 5.30-9pm. Check out my detailed review on this great diner to find out more.

Website: https://dancingfish.asia/

2. Sun with Moon

A screenshot of the website page

A Japanese restaurant that offers a quiet, relaxing ambience and simple, high quality Japanese cuisine, Sun with Moon is located at Wheelock Place at 501 Orchard Rd, #03 – 15. It opens from 11.30am to 2.15pm, then 2.30-5.15 for dine-in, and 11.30-2.15, then 2.30-5.15 for takeaways, from Monday to Sunday.

Sushi Tei and Denki Sushi have great food too, but the atmosphere of Sun with Moon is a little calmer than the two, which tend to have a busy, lively atmosphere.

Website: https://www.sunwithmoon.com.sg/

3. Sushi Matsuo

A screenshot of a small part of the menu

I fell in love with this restaurant first when I walked into the place. A cute small grandfather’s clock hanging on the wall, the few simple tables, the lighting- the simple and classy interior was much to my liking. I fell in love the second time when I tasted the food.

This small restaurant at Goldhill Plaza opens from 11.30-2.30, then 6-10 Mondays to Saturdays, then 6-10pm on Sundays. My advice is for you to go maybe 10-15 minutes before 11.30 so that you can get your name down on the reservation book of the day as soon as possible. There’s competition! Prices tend to be higher in the evenings.

Website: https://www.facebook.com/sushimatsuorestaurant/

4. Jones the grocer

A screenshot of the web page

This place at Dempsey Hill is perfect for a casual Western-style brunch. It opens from 8am to 11pm and offers a wide range- just snack bites, delicious full meals, to drinks and desserts. While waiting for the food, you can also check out the wide array of sauces, wines, drinks and various foods on display for sale as well!

Website: https://www.jonesthegrocer.com/map/dempsey-hill-singapore

5. Din Tai Fung

Din Tai Fung is the kind of a place you can bring your guest from overseas to with a guarantee of good service and good quality food. Located in various places like Paragon Orchard and City Square Mall, the restaurant promises delectable Chinese cuisine Mondays to Sundays from 11am to 9pm.

Check out my blog post on Din Tai Fung!

Website: https://dintaifung.com.sg/

6. Taste Paradise

This Chinese restaurant is located at Scotts Square and Ion Orchard, with slightly differing opening hours. I don’t know about Scotts Square, but the last time I visited (pre-Covid), the queues were very, very long in front of the Ion outlet.

Yum, craving the custard bun, sweet & sour pork, mango pudding (and more…) just remembering this place.

Website: https://www.paradisegp.com/restaurant-locator/

7. The Soup Restaurant

I fell in love with the ginger chicken on my first visit to Soup Restaurant. Downing the traditional boiled soup immediately makes me feel warmer and healthier. Check out this restaurant at many of its locations (e.g. United Square, Paragon, etc)- opening hours differ!

Website: https://www.souprestaurant.com.sg/

8. Meat n’ Chill

A screenshot of the website

Open from 11.30- 2.30, then 5-9pm, this steakhouse diner is located at Sixth Avenue Center along 805 Bukit Timah Road. For a more detailed review, check out my blog post on Meat N’ Chill!

Website: https://meatnchill.com/

9. Long Beach Restaurant

Long Beach Restaurant showcases several impressive accolades on its website. One visit to the restaurant and you’ll know the awards are fully deserved!

I still can’t forget the taste of bamboo clam and sweet & sour pork I had after cycling at East Coast Park with my family.

Website: https://longbeachseafood.com.sg/home/

10. Jumbo Seafood

Jumbo Seafood’s probably on the to-visit lists of most tourists to Singapore, because it probably offers the best chilli crab in the country! Take a bite of the fried bun dipped into the chili crab sauce, and another mouthful of the soft crab meat. Your first visit certainly won’t be your last.

Website: https://www.jumboseafood.com.sg/en/the-riverwalk

11. Hai Di Lao

Hai Di Lao’s the largest hot pot chain in China, and for a reason. Walk into any of its outlets in Singapore (e.g. Novena, Somerset 313) and you’ll be able to enjoy not only good hot pot, clean and classic interiors, but also helpful, friendly and polite staff members!

Website: https://www.haidilao.com/sg/

12. Wild Honey

A screenshot of the Facebook page

Located at Mandarin Gallery and along Scotts Road, Wild Honey is an all-day breakfast restaurant that offers simple Western style cuisine. On top of the delicious food, I love the casual, comfortable vibe of the diner.

It’d be good to make a reservation call, especially if you’re planning to visit on the weekend! This place is pretty popular.

Website: https://www.facebook.com/wildhoneysg/

13. P.S. Cafe

A screenshot of the website

Located in places like Raffles City and Paragon, P.S. Cafe is a popular restaurant that offers aesthetically pleasing interiors, a generally quiet and calming ambience, and simple, tasty Western style cuisine.

Website: https://www.pscafe.com/

14. SPizza

SPizza’s my go-to place with family and friends for actually good quality pizza. (It’s a different level altogether from unthawed frozen pizza! The fresh ingredients and perfectly crispy dough, yum!) The diner’s open from 12-2.30, then 6-10.30pm and is located at three places- Bukit Timah, Jalan Kayu and Havelock.

If you’re lucky, you’ll be able to see the pizza being actually grilled in fire.

Website: http://www.spizza.sg/

15. Crystal Jade

Located in various places like Novena Square, Bugis Junction and Takashimaya (etc more), Crystal Jade promises mouthwatering Chinese cuisine like Paradise Restaurant and Din Tai Fung do. Opening hours differ depending on the location!

Website: https://www.crystaljade.com/index/

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